A rural settlement is a rural settlement where a number of families live in close proximity to each other, with fields surrounding the collection of houses and farm buildings. The layout of this type of village reflects historical circumstances, the type of land, economic conditions and local cultural peculiarities. Rural settlement models range from compact to linear, circular and lattice. This form consists of separate farms scattered throughout the region, where farmers live on individual farms isolated from their neighbors, rather than alongside other farmers in the settlements. The isolated settlement pattern is dominant in rural areas of the United States, but it is also an important feature for Canada, Australia, Europe and other regions. In the United States, the dispersed settlement model was first developed in the mid-Atlantic colonies as a result of the arrival of individual immigrants. As people began to move westward, where land was plentiful, the isolated type of settlements became dominant in the American Midwest. These farms are located in large flat agricultural areas and highlands, but some isolated farms, including hamlets, can also be found in various mountainous areas (Figures 12.7 and 12.8). Figure 12.7 | | author of isolated equestrian farm| source Randy Fath | Unsplash CC 0 License Figure 12.8 | Undredal, Norway Author | Micha L. Rieser Source | | Wikimedia Commons © Micha L. Rieser license. Use with permission. A dispersed type of dispersed rural settlement is usually found in a variety of landforms, such as the promontory, highlands, and mountainous regions.

Nevertheless, the good scattered village is located at the highest altitudes and reflects the rugged terrain and pastoral economic life. The population retains many traditional features in architecture, clothing and social customs, and the ancient market centers are still important. Small plots and apartments are carved into the forests and pastures of the highlands, wherever physical conditions allow. Mining, livestock and agriculture are the main economic activities, the latter characterized by terraced cultivation on the slopes of the mountains. Sub-mountainous regions with hills and valleys covered with ploughed fields, vineyards, orchards and pastures usually have this type of settlement. By definition, a subsistence plant is a crop grown primarily for the purpose of feeding and supporting farmers and their families, with any surplus going to trade. Of the following responses, rice is the only one that can be characterized as a subsistence plant, as rice is a staple food in many agricultural regions. This form consists of a central open space surrounded by structures. These localities are variously called Rundling, Runddorf, Rundlingsdorf, Rundplatzdorf or Platzdorf (Germany), Circulades and Bastides (France) or Kraal (Africa). There are no contemporary documents on the founding of these circular villages, but a consensus has emerged in recent decades. The current guiding theory is that roundings were developed more or less at the same time in the 12th century, following a model developed by the Germanic nobility as suitable for small groups of mainly Slavic peasant settlers.

Even in the Middle Ages, villages in Languedoc, France, were often located on hills and were built in a circle for defensive purposes (Figures 12.3 and 12.4). Although far from German territory, Romania has a unique and circular German village. Located in southwestern Romania, Charlottenburg is the only round village in the country. The village was founded around 1770 by Swabians, who came to the area during the second German wave of colonization. In the middle of the village there is a covered fountain surrounded by a perfect circle of mulberry trees, behind which are houses with stables, barns and their gardens in the outer ring. Due to its uniqueness, the magnificent plan of the village from the Baroque period has been preserved as a historical monument (Figure 12.5). Chart 12.3 | Bastide in France Author | User “Chensiyuan” source | | Wikimedia Commons CC BY SA 4.0 Figure 12.4 | Kraal – A circular village in Africa Author | | user source “Hp.Baumeler” | Wikimedia Commons CC BY SA 4.0 Figure 12.5 | Charlottenburg, Romania Author | Wikipedia user “Eddiebw” Source | | Wikimedia Commons CC BY SA 3.0 A dispersed colony is one of the main types of settlement models used to classify rural settlements. Typically, unlike a central establishment, dispersed establishments range from a dispersed model to an isolated model (Figure 12.6). In addition to Western Europe, scattered settlement patterns can be found in many other parts of the world, including North America. Figure 12.6 | Settlement model2 | Corey Parson Source | | Original work license CC BY SA 4.0 There are many types of rural establishments. Using the shape, internal structure and texture of the street as classification criteria, establishments can be divided into two broad categories: grouped and dispersed. The linear form consists of buildings along a road, river, dike or sea coast.

With the exception of mountain areas, the agricultural area behind the buildings will be expanded. The river can provide people with a source of water and availability to travel and communicate. Parallel to the river, roads were built to access the inner farms. In this way, a new linear stand can be created along each road parallel to the original riparian stand (Figure 12.2). Figure 12.2 | Linear Village of Outlane Author | Mark Mercer Source | | If you believe that the content available on the Website (as defined in our Terms of Use) infringes one or more of your copyrights, please notify us by giving written notice (“Notice of Infringement”) containing the information described below to the designated representative below. If Varsity Tutors takes action in response to a notice of infringement, it will make a good faith attempt to contact the party that provided such content using the most recent email address, if any, that party provided to Varsity Tutors. Mixed farming, animal husbandry, dairy farming and cereal farming are historically prevalent in the United States of America. You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows: Which of the following characteristics is not a feature of a cash crop? “Hydroponics” is the term for the method of growing plants in nutrient solutions rather than in the soil. This makes it possible to grow food in arid climates and increases the geographical scope in which many plants can be grown. It is common, for example, in desert climates where the soil is rough and unforgiving.

A large farm with many external workers produces grain for the whole city. Plantation farming takes place mainly in ____ If you need a break, try one of the other activities listed under the flashcards, such as Matching, Snowman or Hungry Bug. Although you feel like you`re playing a game, your brain is always making more connections with information to help you. A small farm is run exclusively by the family and most (or all) of the crops produced are consumed by the family. When farmers grow a few lucrative crops, they harvest them. Cash cultivation is the cultivation of one or more crops that can be sold at a relatively high price. . Which of the following terms best describes the practices of a group of farmers who depend on one or two economically lucrative crops? If you found a problem with this question, please let us know. With the help of the community, we can continue to improve our educational resources.

Subsistence agriculture involves food production primarily for the family. A farmer will grow almost everything the family consumes, and everything left will go to the local community rather than a large market. . A cash crop is a crop such as coffee or tobacco; something that is for profit and to fulfill a certain luxury instead of feeding the population. Cash crops are mainly grown on plantations in developing countries. While cash crops are usually grown in developing countries, they are most often exported to developed countries. This model has a center where there are several public buildings such as the meeting room, the bank, the shopping complex, the school and the church. This center is surrounded by houses and farmland. Small garden plots are located in the first ring that surrounds the houses and continue with large areas of cultivation, pastures and forests in successive rings. Compact villages are located either in flat areas with significant water resources or in some hilly and mountainous depressions. In some cases, compact villages are designed to receive land for agriculture, in stark contrast to the often isolated farms of the American Great Plains or Australia (Figure 12.1).

Figure 12.1 | A compact village in India Author | | user source “Parthan” | Wikimedia Commons CC BY SA 2.0 Which of them most accurately describes subsistence farming? Your notice of infringement may be forwarded to the party that provided the content or to third parties such as ChillingEffects.org. Cutting down trees and lighting the remaining plants What is the name of the method of growing crops in nutrient solutions and not in the soil? A “cash crop” is an agricultural crop that is intentionally produced exclusively for sale in a market environment for as much money as possible. Most cash crops, which include cotton, opium, cereals and many other products, are grown in a monoculture environment where they are the only product grown on a piece of land. .